In accordance with § 17 of the MSWiA regulation on fire protection of buildings, other buildings and grounds, periodic checking of the organisation and conditions for evacuation is required in the following cases:
for a facility other than a residential building, intended for more than 50 people who are its permanent occupants – at least once every 2 years;
for facilities in which the group of over 50 users changes periodically at the same time, in particular: schools, kindergartens, dormitories, student dormitories – at least once a year, however, no later than 3 months from the date of commencement of use of the facility by new users
for facilities intended primarily for use by people with reduced mobility, such as a hospital, a crèche, a kindergarten, a home for the elderly or containing a part (fire zone) with such a purpose – the scope and area of the building agreed with the locally competent district (city) commander of the State Fire Service.
The main purpose of the evacuation test is to ensure the proper functioning of organisational solutions for evacuation in buildings, including their implementation for use by users in practice.